The IP Handbook of Best Practices



The IP Handbook is an online resource providing comprehensive IP information and tools to promote the use of IP as an effective economic and human development tool, with some focus on global health and food security, but applicable to any field. It includes substantive discussions and analysis of the opportunities awaiting anyone in the field who wants to put intellectual property to work. A printed version includes 153 chapters on a full range of IP topics and over 50 case studies, composed by over 200 authors from North, South, East, and West, whereas this online resource contains much more than the hardcopy.


Some site guides are available for policymakerssenior administratorstechnology transfer managers, or scientists. The site guide distills the key points of each IP topic covered by the Handbook into simple language and places it in the context of evolving best practices specific to those professional roles within the overall picture of IP management.

The IP Handbook also offers case studies, information on global learning opportunities, links to other resources, and hopes to promote greater networking among all interested in the use of IP.

Table of Contents:


The IP Handbook was developed by many dedicated individuals with the intent of making a resource available to the global community for putting intellectual property to work.

PIIPA continues their vision and intent to keep the IP Handbook as a global public good resource, through the assistance of dedicated IP expert volunteers who will update the content, add commentaries or share practical experiences or tools.  PIIPA welcomes offers to assist with this endeavor, for more information, please contact, PIIPA’s Program Director, Pacyinz Lyfoung, at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..


The IP Handbook site presents the original information offered by its original authors.

Updates to those articles, which may address new legal developments, share practitioners’ lessons learned, feature new case studies, will be available here.

April  2016 Update: New LEDES Standards, submitted by Robin Hunziger from GE

Subparagraph 5.3 (Content of an invention disclosure form) of Chapter 8.4 (Invention Disclosures and the Role of Inventors), currently found at


In 2015, the Legal Electronic Data Exchange Standard (LEDES) Oversight Committee adopted an open standard to facilitate electronic exchange of invention disclosure data.  This LEDES standard is referred to as the Intellectual Property Matter Management (IPMM) invention disclosure standard.¹  The IPMM invention disclosure standard defines standard invention disclosure content in XML format and improves the ability of different software systems to inter-communicate.  That is, any compliant software should be able to read and understand a standard electronic disclosure created by other compliant software.  An organization or individual interested in using the IPMM invention disclosure standard would (1) discuss implementation with their technical support and software vendors and (2) ensure that all data fields needed by the user are included and conform to the standard.  To maximize interoperability, users should avoid proprietary data fields and instead demand use of standard data fields.


1. The full IPMM invention disclosure standard, set of schemas (rules), and technical documents are published at

Library of Updates. (coming soon)

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